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MHT-CET : Biology Entrance Exam

MHT - CET : Biology - Domestication of Plants Know More

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Agriculture is defined as the science or practice of farming or cultivation, reaping and management of farm produce. Horticulture deals with the art of cultivating fruits, vegetables and ornamental plants. Archeologists have found that pre-historic man hunted animals and gathered plants. Moreover, he led a nomadic life and lived in small groups. With the help of radioactive carbon dating techniques, it has been estimated that agriculture originated in well-watered highlands of Indus, Euphrates, etc.

List of some food plants grown in
India:

Food Plant (Category)

Common Name

Scientific Name

Pulses

Pea

Pisum sativum

 

Gram

Cicer arietinum

Cereals

Rice

Oryza sativa

 

Wheat

Triticum vulgare

Millets

Ragi

Eleusine coracana

 

Jowar

Sorghum vulgare

 

Bajra

Pennisetum tryphoides

Edible Oils

Coconut

Cocos nucifera

 

Groundnut

Arachis hypogea

Beverages (Non-alcoholic)

Tea

Thea sinensis

 

Coffee

Coffea arabica

Sugar

Sugarcane

Saccharum officinarum

Spices

Black pepper

Piper nigrum

 

Cardamom

Ellettaria cardamomum

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