Respiration:The oxidation of
compounds of carbohydrates in the living cells with the release of energy in
form the of heat is called respiration.
Mitochondrion: Oval-shaped cell organelles which are
the main centres of cellular respiration.
Glycolysis: The first step of
respiration during which glucose is broken down into pyruvic
acid by various step by step changes.
Cristae: The folds formed by
the inner membrane of mitochondrion are called cristae.
Oxysomes: Small, spherical,
stalked bodies present on the inner membrane of mitochondrion.
Fermentation: It is an anaerobic oxidation-reduction process in which organic
compounds like glucose are broken down into simple compounds by the activity
Aerobic Respiration: Respiration in the presence of
Anaerobic Respiration: Respiration in the absence of oxygen.
Redox Reaction: A reaction in which
an electron acceptor gets reduced and oxidised due
to acceptance and release of electrons.
Terminal Oxidation: The process in which hydrogen from
ETS is transferred to molecular oxygen.
ATP: Adenosine triphosphate, is a complex compound consisting of a purine base adenine, a 5-carbon sugar, the ribose and
three molecules of phosphate.
Glycolysis: the first phase of
respiration in which glucose is broken down through a series of chemical
reactions leading to the formation of pyruvic acid .