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MHT-CET : Biology Entrance Exam

MHT - CET : Biology - Reproduction Glossary

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                     Corpus Luteum: An endocrine structure formed after ovulation from the ruptured follicle cells in the ovary. It secretes a hormone called progesterone.

                     Endometrium: The inner lining of uterus.

                     Fallopian Tubes: A pair of tubes that extend horizontally from ovaries to the uterus.

                     Ovaries: Primary sex organs of females situated near kidneys on either side of the uterus.

                     Gametes: Specialised sex cells produced from gonads. Sperm is the male gamete, while ova is the female gamete.

                     Gonads: Organs that produce gametes. Testes are male gonads, whereas ovaries are female gonads.

                     Graafian Follicle: Mature follicle that contains the secondary oocyte.

                     Menstrual Cycle: Cyclic changes that occur every month in the wall of the uterus and ovaries of females. Menstrual cycle begins at puberty at the age of about 12-14 years and stops when the female reaches the age of about 45-50 years.

                     Oogenesis: The process of formation of ova in the ovaries.

                     Ovulation: The release of ovum from the ovary is called ovulation. It occurs around the 14th day of the menstrual cycle.

                     Semen: The fluid that contains sperms and the secretions of accessory glands in males.

                     Spermatogenesis: The process of formation of sperms in the testes.

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