Corpus Luteum: An endocrine
structure formed after ovulation from the ruptured follicle cells in the
ovary. It secretes a hormone called progesterone.
Endometrium: The inner lining of
Fallopian Tubes: A pair of tubes that extend horizontally
from ovaries to the uterus.
Ovaries: Primary sex organs of females situated near
kidneys on either side of the uterus.
Gametes: Specialised sex
cells produced from gonads. Sperm is the male gamete, while ova is the female gamete.
Gonads: Organs that produce gametes. Testes are
male gonads, whereas ovaries are female gonads.
Graafian Follicle: Mature follicle that
contains the secondary oocyte.
Menstrual Cycle: Cyclic changes that occur every month in
the wall of the uterus and ovaries of females. Menstrual cycle begins at
puberty at the age of about 12-14 years and stops when the female reaches the
age of about 45-50 years.
Oogenesis: The process of
formation of ova in the ovaries.
Ovulation: The release of ovum from the ovary is
called ovulation. It occurs around the 14th day of the menstrual
Semen: The fluid that contains sperms and the
secretions of accessory glands in males.
Spermatogenesis: The process of formation of sperms in the