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MHT-CET : Biology Entrance Exam

MHT - CET : Biology - Photosynthesis Glossary

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                     Chloroplast: A cytoplasmic organelle characterised by the presence of a green pigment called chlorophyll .

                     Cytochromes: These are iron-containing compounds which are exclusively electron transporters.

                     Quantasomes: Distinct structural units in thylokoid which form a photosynthetic unit.

                     Photosystem: Pigment system for trapping light energy.

                     Photolysis of Water: Splitting of water molecule into hydrogen and oxygen under the influence of light.

                     Photophosphorylation: The formation of energy-rich ATP molecules during the process of photosynthesis.

                     Calvin Cycle: The cyclic reactions through which RuBP is generated to accept the carbon dioxide in order to form fresh phosphoglyceric acid (PGA).

                     CAM Plants: Plants showing crassulacean acid metabolism for fixing CO2 during photosynthesis.

                     C3 Plants: Plants in which the first product of photosynthesis is a 3 carbon compound, i.e. PGA.

                     C4 Plants: Plants in which the first product of photosynthesis is a 4 carbon compound, i.e. OAA.

                     Cyclic Photophosphorylation: A type of photophosphorylation in which the released electrons from the chlorophyll molecules ultimately return to chlorophyll in a cyclic path.

                     Non-cyclic Photophosphorylation: A type of photophosphorylation in which the electrons released by the chlorophyll molecules do not return to the chlorophyll.

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