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MHT-CET : Biology Entrance Exam

MHT - CET : Biology - Mendel's Law of Inheritance Glossary

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                     Alleles: Two or more alternate forms of a gene are called alleles. Alleles have the same locus on the homologous chromosomes.

                     Dihybrid Cross: When only two allelic pairs are considered for crossing, it is known as a dihybrid cross.

                     Gene: A segment of the DNA molecule which is the functional unit of the hereditary material.

                     Offspring : Individuals produced by the parents.

                     Genotype: It is the genetic make-up of an individual.

                     Homozygous: An individual in which both the genes of a character are identical is said to be homozygous.

                     Heterozygous: An individual in which both the genes of a character are different is said to be heterozygous.

                     Inbreeding: When individuals of a progeny are allowed to cross with each other, it is called inbreeding.

                     Monohybrid Cross: When only one allelic pair is considered for crossing, it is known as a monohybrid cross.

                     Phenotype: It is the external appearance of an individual for any trait or traits.

                     Trihybrid Cross: When three allelic pairs are considered for crossing, it is known as a trihybrid cross.

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