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MHT-CET : Biology Entrance Exam

MHT - CET : Biology - Human Diseases and their Control Glossary

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                     Health: A state of physical, mental and social well-being and not merely absence of a disease.

                     Disease: Departure from normal state of health through structural or functional disorders of the body.

                     Communicable Diseases: Diseases that are caused by pathogens and can be transmitted from an infected person to the other. Example: Tuberculosis.

                     Non-communicable Diseases: Diseases that are caused by factors other than pathogens and are not transmitted from one person to the other. Example: Arthritis.

                     Contagious Diseases: Diseases that spread through physical contact with the infected person. Example: Scabies.

                     Hepatitis: Inflammatory condition of the liver.

                     Cancer: An uncontrolled and abnormal growth of cells resulting into a tumor.

                     Carcinogen: Cancer-causing agent.

                     Leprosy: A chronic, infectious disease characterised by granulomatous lesions of the skin and peripheral nervous system.

                     Metastasis: Transfer of disease from one part of the body to the other either through transfer of pathogenic microorganisms or through transfer of cells. For example, all malignant tumors can spread to other parts of the body through blood or lymph and form secondary tumors.

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