Gene : Gene is a unit of
heredity. It is made up of DNA and controls the inheritance and expression of
Eukaryotes: A single-celled or multicellular
organism whose cells contain a distinct membrane-bound nucleus.
Bacteriophage: A parasitic virus of
Replication: The process by which genetic material makes
a copy of itself is known as replication. For example, replication of DNA.
Prokaryotes: An organism such as bacteria and cyanobacteria characterised by
the absence of a distinct, membrane-bound nucleus or organelles and by the
presence of DNA that is not organised into
Codon: It is a sequence of
three adjacent nucleotides constituting the genetic code.
Transcription: It is the process of formation of mRNA on
the DNA strand.
Translation: It is the process in which the sequence of
the codons on the mRNA is read and the amino acids
are arranged accordingly to produce the polypeptide chain.
Chromosome: A thread like structure found within the
nucleus of all eukaryatic cells.
nitrogenous compounds having five carbon atoms and four nitrogen atoms.
nitrogenous compounds having four carbon atoms and two nitrogen atoms.
Circular DNA: The circular chromosome is called a
Plasmids: Self-replicating extrachromosomal
segments found in the cyptoplasm and bacterial