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MHT-CET : Biology Entrance Exam

MHT - CET : Biology - Circulation Glossary

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                     Arterial Blood Pressure: The pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of arteries.

                     Cardiac Output: Amount of blood ejected from the heart in one minute which is about 5 lit.

                     Diastole: Relaxation of heart muscles.

                     Double Circulation: Blood passes two times through the heart to supply once to the body.

                     Heart Beat: Rhythmic contraction of heart chambers.

                     Hypertension: High blood pressure.

                     Hypotension: Low blood pressure.

                     Murmur: Abnormalities heard in heart sounds due to defective heart valves.

                     Myogenic Heart: The heart where the impulse is initiated by the cardiac muscles.

                     Neurogenic Heart: The heart where the impulse is initiated due to nerve impulses.

                     Pericardium: Thin walled sac surrounding heart.

                     S. A. Node: A group of cardiac muscles in the wall of right auricle from where the rhythmic waves of heart contraction start.

                     Sphygmomanometer: Instrument used to measure blood pressure.

                     Stethoscope: Instrument used to hear heart sounds.

                     Stroke Volume: Amount of blood ejected from the heart in one heart beat.

                     Systole: Contraction of heart muscles.

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