VITEEE Syllabus for Biology
Taxonomy of Living Organisms
Zoological parks and museums and cultural and economical importance-classification of angiosperms up to service level (Hookerís and Benthamís system)-salient features of nonchordates up to phylum level and chordates up to class level-binomial and Linnaeus nomenclature-botanical garden and herbaria-history and types of classification-salient feature of various plant groups-status of bacteria and viruses.
Source of variation, genetic drift, natural selection-migration, recombination, mutation-concepts and origin of species: isolation and speciation (reproductive and geographical) Neo-Darwinism, Darwinism, modern concepts of natural selection-neo-Lamarkism Lamarkism-evidences and theories of evolution (biochemical evidences and fossil record).
Tools and techniques used in cell biology-cell division: meiosis, mitosis and amitosis, electron microscope and compound microscope-cell theory (Schwann and Schelieden)- multicelluar and unicellular organisms-cell as a self contained unit and discovery of cell-eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells and their ultrastructures.
Crossing and linkage over-sex linked inheritance-chromosomal mapping-RNA types and structure-chromosomal and mutation aberration-Karyotyping analysis-DNA as a genetic material: replication and structure-genetic diversity, Mendelís laws of inheritance-variation and heredity-chromosomal basis of inheritance.
Microbiology and Immunology
Bacteriology: diseases, structure and genetics,-pathogenecity of microorganisms-innate immunity-T-cell, thymus-immunoglobins structure-immune system disorders-protozoan microbiology-antimicrobial resistance and chemotherapy-lymphoid organs, transplantation and types-introduction and history of microbiology-Lister virology: genetics, diseases, structure and culture-Robert Koch, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur.
Photophosphorylation: non-cyclic and cyclic-transpiration-mechanism of respiration-Krebís cycle-compensation point and fermentation-photorespiration-modes and types of nutriation-glycolysis-anaerobic pathway-respiratory quotient-secondary growth-morphology of root, flower, leaf, stem and their modifications-leaves and stems-anatomy of mono and roots, tissue and tissue systems-photosynthesis: dark and light reactions, C4 and C3 plants.
Excretion: urea biosynthesis, ureotelism, nephron ultrafilteration-reproduction: in vitro fertilization-supermatogenesis, oogenesis-nervous system: coordination systems, physiology, receptor organs and brain function-endocrines: harmones and functions-circulation: structure of heart and mechanisms of blood circulation-nutrition: obesity, calorie value (ICMR standards), body-mass ratio, balanced diet, digestion-muscular systems: mechanism of actions-respiration: process of pulmonary respiration, inspiration, exchange of gasses, expiration-digestion: enzymes and its action.
Molecular Biology and Biotechnology
Microbial type culture-concept of gene-transgenic plants and microbes-genetic typing studies, central dogma of molecular biology-DNA technology-gene regulation-gene cloning-gene expression-management of plant and animal genetic resources-microbial type culture-generally modified organisms-gene bank-genetic conservation.
Ecology and Environment
Wild life: global warming crisis and green house effect-extinction of species-pollution (air, water, noise, soil and temperature)-legislation and conservation of wild life-biogeochemical cycle (C and L, 02 elements)-waste management-human pollution and explosion-ecological succession-ecosystems-biodiversity and conservation (biosphere reserves).
Applied Biology and Human Welfare
Food production: biofertilizers-ethical concerns-biopiracy-biowar-gene therapy-breeding experiments, brief account of animal and crop diseases ant their control-biopatent-genetically modified foods-bioethics-recent advances in vaccine developments-plant tissue culture and applications-cattle breeding and poultry-pisciculture-livestock and management-farming methods-crops of economic importance: food yielding rice-Oil yielding: fibre yielding cotton, groundnut, timber yielding teak.