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BITSAT Syllabus for Physics

1. Units and Measurement

  • 1. Units (Derived and fundamental units, different systems of units, SI units)
  • 2. Dimensional analysis
  • 3. Precision and significant figures
  • 4. Fundamental measurements in physics (screw gauge, vernier caliper, physical balance)

2. Kinematics

  • . Properties of vectors
  • 2. Velocity, position and acceleration vectors
  • 3. Motion with constant acceleration
  • 4. Projectile motion
  • 5. Uniform circular motion
  • 6. Relative motion

3. Newton’s Laws of Motion

  • 1. Newton’s laws (resolution of forces, free body diagram)
  • 2. Motion on an inclined plane
  • 3. Motion of blocks with pulley systems
  • 4. Circular motion-centripetal force
  • 5. Inertial and non-inertial frames

4. Impulse and Momentum

  • 1. Definition of impulse and momentum
  • 2. Conservation of momentum
  • 3. Collisions
  • 4. Momentum of a system of particles
  • 5. Center of mass

5. Work and Energy

  • 1. Work done by a force
  • 2. Kinetic energy and work-energy theorem
  • 3. Power
  • 4. Conservative forces and potential energy
  • 5. Conservation of mechanical energy

6. Rotational Motion

  • 1. Description of rotation (angular velocity, angular acceleration and angular displacement)
  • 2. Rotational motion with constant angular acceleration
  • 3. Moment of inertia, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, rotational kinetic energy
  • 4. Torque and angular momentum
  • 5. Conservative of angular momentum
  • 6. Rolling motion

7. Gravitation

  • 1. Newton’s law of gravitation
  • 2. Gravitational potential energy, escape velocity
  • 3. Motion of planets-Kepler’s laws, satellite motion

8. Mechanics of Solids and Fluids

  • 1. Elasticity
  • 2. Pressure, density and Archimedes’ principle
  • 3. Viscosity and surface tension
  • 4. Bernoulli’s theorem

9. Oscillations

  • 1. Kinematics of simple harmonic motion
  • 2. Spring mass system, simple and compound pendulum
  • 3. Forced and damped oscillations, resonance

10. Waves

  • 1. Progressive sinusoidal waves
  • 2. Standing waves in strings and pipes
  • 3. Superposition of waves, beats
  • 4. Doppler effects

11. Heat and Thermodynamics

  • 1. Kinetic theory of gases
  • 2. Thermal equilibrium and temperature
  • 3. Specific heat
  • 4. Work, heat and first law of thermodynamics
  • 5. Second law of thermodynamics, Carnot engine efficiency and coefficient of performance

12. Electrostatics

  • 1. Coulomb’s law
  • 2. Electric field (discrete and continuous charge distribution)
  • 3. Electrostatics potential and electrostatic potential energy
  • 4. Gauss’s law and its applications
  • 5. Electric dipole
  • 6. Capacitance and dielectrics (parallel plate capacitor, capacitors in series and parallel)

13. Current Electricity

  • 1. Joule heating, Ohm’s law
  • 2. Kirchoff’s laws, D. C. circuits-resistors and cells in series and parallel, potentiometer and Wheatstone-bridge
  • 3. Electrical resistance (origin and temperature dependence of resistivity, resistivity)

14. Magnetic Effect of Current

  • 1. Biot-Savart’s law and its applications
  • 2. Ampere’s law and its applications
  • 3. Lorentz force, force on current carrying conductors in a magnetic field
  • 4. Torque on a current loop, Magnetic moment of a current loop, Galvanometer and its conversion to voltmeter and ammeter

15. Electromagnetic Induction

  • 1. Lenz’s law, Faraday’s law, eddy currents
  • 2. Mutual and Self inductance
  • 3. Transformers and generators
  • 4. Alternating current (peak and rms value)
  • 5. AC circuits, LCR circuits

16. Optics

  • 1. Law of reflection and refraction
  • 2. Lenses and mirrors
  • 3. Optical instruments-telescope and microscope
  • 4. Young’s double slit experiment, Interference-Huygen’s principle
  • 5. Interference in thin films
  • 6. Diffraction due to a single slit
  • 7. Electromagnetic spectrum, Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (only qualitative ideas)
  • 8. Polarization-states of polarization, Brewster’s law, Malus’ law

17. Modern Physics

  • 1. De Broglie wavelength, Dual nature of light and matter-photoelectric
  • 2. Bohr’s atomic model, Atomic models-Rutherford’s experiment
  • 3. Hydrogen atom spectrum
  • 4. Radioactivity
  • 5. Nuclear reactions: Binding energy, Fission and fusion


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