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UPSC - Syllabus - Punjabi

Main Examination Syllabus - Subject : Punjabi

Paper-I

Answers must be written in Punjabi in Gurumukhi Script.

Section-A

  1. Origin of Punjabi language
    Different stages of development and recent development in Punjabi language : characteristics of Punjabi phonology and the study of its tones: classification of vowels and consonants.

  2. Punjabi morphology
    The number-gender system (animate and inanimate), prefixes, affixes and different categories of Post positions: Punjabi word formation: Tatsam. Tad Bhav, forms: Sentence structure, the notion of subject and object in Punjabi: Noun and verb phrases.

  3. Language and dialect
    The notions of dialect and idiolect; major dialects of Punjabi; Pothohari, Majhi, Doabi, Malwai, Puadhi; the validity of speech variation on the basis of social stratification, the distinctive features of various dialects with special reference to tones. Language and script; origin and development of Gurmukhi; suitability of Gurmukhi for Punjabi.

  4. Classical background
    Nath Jogi Sahil

  5. Medieval literature
    Gurmat, Sufti, Kissa and Var Janamsakhis.

Section-B

  1. Modern trends
    • Mystic, romantic, progressive and neomystic (Vir Singh, Puran Singh, Mohan Singh, Amrita Pritam, Bawa Balwant, Pritam Singh Safeer, J.S. Neki).
    • Experimentalist (Jasbir Singh Ahluwalia, Ravinder Ravi, Ajaib Kamal)
    • Aesthetes (Harbhajan Singh, Tara Singh)
    • Neo-progressive (Pash. Jagtar, Patar)
  2. Origin and Development of Genres
    • Folk literature Folk songs, Folk tales. Riddles, Proverbs.
    • Epic (Vir Singh, Avtar Singh, Azad Mohan Singh)
    • Lyric (Gurus, Sufis and Modern Lyricists-Mohan Singh Amrita Pritam, Shiv Kumar, Harbhajan Singh)
    • Drama (I.C. Nanda, Harcharan Singh, Balwant Gargi, S.S.Sekhon, Charan Das Sidhu)
    • Novel (Vir Singh, Nanak Singh, Jaswant Singh Kanwal, K.S. Duggal, Sukhbir, Gurdial Singh, Dalip Kaur Tiwana, Swaran Chandan)
    • Short Story (Sujan Singh, K.S. Virk. Prem Parkash, Waryam Sandhu).
    • Socio-cultural and Sanskrit, Persian and Western Literary influences :
    • Essay (Puran Singh, Teja Singh, Gurbaksh Singh)
    • Literary Criticism (S.S. Sekhon, Attar Singh, Kishan Singh, Harbhajan Singh, Najam Hussain Sayyad).

Paper-II

Answers must be written in Punjabi in Gurumukhi Script.

This paper will require first-hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designedto test the candidate’s critical ability.

Section-A

  1. Sheikh Farid The complete Bani as included in the Adi Granth.
  2. Guru Nanak Japu Ji Baramah, Asa di Var
  3. Bulleh Shah Kafian
  4. Waris Shah Heer

Section-B

    • Shah Mohammad Jangnama (Jang Singhan te Firangian)
    • Dhani Ram Chatrik (Poet) Chandan Vari
    • Sufi Khana
    • Nawan Jahan
    • Nanak Singh (Novelist) Chitta Lahu
    • Pavittar Papi
    • Ek Mian Do Talwaran
    • Gurbaksh Singh (Essayist) Zindagi di Ras
    • Nawan Shivala
    • Merian Abhul Yadaan.
    • Balraj Sahni (Travelogue) Mera Roosi Safarnama
    • Mera Pakistani Safarnama
    • Balwant Gargi (Dramatist) Loha Kutt
    • Dhuni-di-Agg
    • Sultan Razia
    • Sant Singh Sekhon (Critic) Sahityarth
    • Parsidh Punjabi Kavi
    • Punjabi Kav Shiromani


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