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UPSC - Syllabus - Malayalam

Main Examination Syllabus - Subject : Malayalam

Paper-I (Answers must be written in Malayalam.)

Section-A

  1. Early phase of Malayalam Language
    • Various theories: origin from proto Dravidian, Tamil, Sanskrit.
    • Relation between Tamil and Malyalam: Six nayas of A.R. Rajarajavarma.
    • Pattu school-definition, Ramacharitam, later pattu works-Niranam works and Krishnagatha.
  2. Linguistic features of
    • Manipravalam-definition. Language of early manipravala works-Champu, Sandesakavya, Chandrotsava, minor works. Later Manipravala works-medieval Champu and Attakkatha.
    • Folklore-Southern and Northern ballads, Mappila songs.
    • Early Malayalam prose-Bhashakautaliyam, Brahmandapuranam, Attaprakaram, Kramadipika and Nambiantamil.
  3. Satandardisation of Malayalam
    • Peculairities of the language of Pana, Kilippattu and Tullai.
    • Contributions of indigenous and European missionaries to Malayalam.
    • Characteristics of contemporary Malayalam : Malayalam as administravie language. Language of scientific and technical literature-media language.

    Section-B (Literary History)

  4. Ancient and Medieval Literature:
    • Pattu-Ramacharitam, Niranam works and Krishnagatha.
    • Manipravalam-early and medieval manipravala works including attakkatha and champu.
    • Folk literature.
    • Kilippattu, Tullal and Mahakavya.
  5. Modern Literature-Poerty
    • Venmani poets and contemporaries.
    • The advent of Romanticism-Poerty of Kavitraya i.e., Asan, Ulloor and Vallathol
    • Poetry after Kavitraya.
    • Modernism in Malayalam poetry.
  6. Modern Literature-Prose
    • Drama
    • Novel
    • Short story
    • Biography, travelogue, essay and criticism.

Paper-II(Answers must be written in Malayalam.)

This paper will requre first hand reading of the texts prescribed and is designed to test the candidate's critical ability.

Section-A

Unit 1

  1. Ramacharitam-Patalam 1.
  2. Kannassaramayanam-Balakandam first 25 stanzas.
  3. Unnunilisandesam-Purvabhagam 25 slokas including Prastavana
  4. Mahabharatham Kilippattu-Bhishmaparvam.,
Unit 2
  1. Kumaran Asan-Chintavisthayaya Sita.
  2. Vailoppilli-Kutiyozhikkal.
  3. G. Sankara Kurup-Perunthachan.
  4. N.V. Krishna Variar-Tivandiyile Pattu.
Unit 3
  1. ONV -Bhumikkoru Charamagitam
  2. Ayyappa Panicker-Kurukshetram.
  3. Akkittam-Pandathe Messanthi
  4. Attur Ravivarma-Megharupan.

Section-B

Unit 4

  1. O. Chanthu Menon-Indulekha
  2. Thakazhy-Chemmin.
  3. O V Vijayan-Khasakkinte Ithihasam.
Unit 5
  1. MT Vasudevan Nair-Vanaprastham (Collection).
  2. N S Madhavan-Higvitta (Collection).
  3. C J. Thomas-1128-il Crime 27.
Unit 6
  1. Kuttikrishna Marar-Bharataparyatanam
  2. M. K Sanu-Nakshatrangalute Snehabhajanam
  3. V.T. Bhattathirippad-Kannirum Kinavum.


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