Education Structure of School
Since independence and even before that period the importance of education is very much evident in India. It can be said that many people used to throng abroad universities like Harward and Cambridge and earn a niche for themselves instantly.
Continuing the same roots, lets see the prime roots which used to and still produce such laureates.
Yes, its none other than the education structure of schools in India which is the real the root cause for influencing and strengthening the students as far as their future growth in the field of education is concerned.
Lets go to the basics and track out the structure of schools India follows
There are principally four basic stages of schools in India, primary, upper primary, secondary and higher secondary or the high school.
Overall on an average, the schooling continues in India for 12 years from class 1 to class 12th (10+2).
The government in India is committed for providing the elementary education for all (Primary and upper primary) aged between 6-14 years of age.
However, upper primary and secondary school learners aged eleven to fifteen is planned into classes six through ten, and higher secondary school students ages sixteen through seventeen are enrolling in classes eleven through twelve. In some places there is a notion called middle/upper primary schools for class six to eight.
Higher Education in India provides an occasion to focus in a field and includes technical schools (such as the Indian Institutes of Technology), colleges, and universities.
Various Schools in India
- The State Government Controlled Schools under which a large chunk of students are enrolled
- The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), New Delhi
- The Council For Indian School Certificate Examinations (ICSE), New Delhi
- National Open School
- International Schools
Stages of School Education
- Preliminary Education:
In India, the concept of preliminary education dates back to history pages and its not a fundamental right of the students, with a very less percentage of them receiving education under the forum concerned.
Typically, the students under the same are LKG, UKG, students aged between 2-1/2 and 3.
However, the facilities under this section were not better until some prominent players entered the scene. Pivotal amongst are Kid zee schools, Shamrock preschools. But, these good facility providers cover a very few small chunk of population.
Nevertheless, the number of students enrolling for preliminary education program in India is as low as 11.22%.
- Elementary Education:
Students of class 1 to 5th basically forms this crust. As huge has 82% of the students have been observed enrolling for the same. Elementary education in India underway eight years of schooling from the age of six. The government has ended elementary education compulsory and free. But, the ambition of widespread elementary education in India has been very thorny to attain till now. Therefore, it has introduced novel modes of universalizing elementary education in India.
- Higher Education:
Higher education forms the rest of the education scene in India. Higher education in India starts after the higher Secondary or 12th standard. it takes 3 years for completing a B.A., B.Sc or B.Com pass or honors degree from a college in India, tracking an engineering course takes four years and five years (with six months of additional compulsory internship) for carrying out a bachelor of medicine or bachelor of law degree.
- Technical Education:
Technical education like engineering, management, medicine, law, etc was classified as professional fields and these streams are monitored by none other than the technical education of India known as, All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE). There could be found endless numbers of colleges in India providing these types of education.
- Distance Education:
There are various universities and deemed colleges that provides distance education in almost all the streams of education. Basically, people who dont have time to join a full-fledged classroom program, these distance education have turned out as a boon to be educated while being away at their respective works.
- Online Degree Schools:
With the onset of technological revolution in India in full swing, various educational bodies capitalized on the same scenario and started to provide their courseware over the internet. People who dont have time for full time courses or even distance programs can just enroll themselves at an online program and earn the degree in their respective timings, accordingly.
- Postgraduate Courses:
generally are of two years duration. But there are some courses like Master of Computer Application (MCA) that are of three years interval. Students who cannot meet the expense of to attend regular classes for various experiences can take on correspondence courses from various open Universities and distance learning establishments in India.
- Residential Schools:
In order to make the students a polished individual in the ensuing future, the residential schools play a pivotal role in the same department of imparting valued education in India. However, the basic tip for enrolment in these schools shall be for parents that they send their wards only when they attained a normal age, enough to live alone and independently.